recpack.algorithms.Prod2Vec
- class recpack.algorithms.Prod2Vec(num_components: int = 300, num_negatives: int = 10, window_size: int = 2, stopping_criterion: str = 'precision', K: int = 200, batch_size: int = 1000, learning_rate: float = 0.01, clipnorm: float = 1.0, max_epochs: int = 10, stop_early: bool = False, max_iter_no_change: int = 5, min_improvement: float = 0.0, seed: Optional[int] = None, save_best_to_file: bool = False, replace: bool = False, exact: bool = False, keep_last: bool = False, distribution='uniform', predict_topK: Optional[int] = None, validation_sample_size: Optional[int] = None)
Prod2Vec algorithm from the paper: “E-commerce in Your Inbox: Product Recommendations at Scale”. (https://arxiv.org/abs/1606.07154)
Applies SkipGram Negative Sampling to sequences of user interactions to learn an input (target) and output (context) embedding for every item.
Recommendations are made by computing the similarity between input embeddings of different items and recommending those items most similar.
Where possible, defaults were taken from the paper.
- Parameters
num_components (int, optional) – The size of the embedding vectors for both input and output embeddings, defaults to 300
num_negatives (int, optional) – Number of negative samples for every positive sample, defaults to 10
window_size (int, optional) – Size of the context window to the left and to the right of the target item used in skipgram negative sampling. Defaults to 2
stopping_criterion (str, optional) – Used to identify the best model computed thus far. The string indicates the name of the stopping criterion. Which criterions are available can be found at StoppingCriterion.FUNCTIONS. Defaults to ‘precision’
K (int, optional) – Used to set a maximum number of neighbors, i.e., similar items, for every item. Useful when the number of items in the dataset is large. Defaults to 200
batch_size (int, optional) – Batch size for Adam optimizer. Higher batch sizes make each epoch more efficient, but increases the amount of epochs needed to converge to the optimum, by reducing the amount of updates per epoch. Defaults to 1000
learning_rate (float, optional) – Learning rate, defaults to 0.01
clipnorm (float, optional) – Clips gradient norm. The norm is computed over all gradients together, as if they were concatenated into a single vector. Defaults to 1.0
max_epochs (int, optional) – Maximum number of epochs (iterations), defaults to 10
stop_early (bool, optional) – If True, early stopping is enabled, and after
max_iter_no_change
iterations where improvement of loss function is belowmin_improvement
the optimisation is stopped, even if max_epochs is not reached. Defaults to Falsemax_iter_no_change (int, optional) – If early stopping is enabled, stop after this amount of iterations without change. Defaults to 5
min_improvement (float, optional) – If early stopping is enabled, no change is detected, if the improvement is below this value. Defaults to 0.0
seed (int, optional) – Seed for random sampling. Useful for reproducible results, defaults to None
save_best_to_file (bool, optional) – If true, the best model will be saved after training. Defaults to False
replace (bool, optional) – Sample with or without replacement (see
recpack.algorithms.samplers.PositiveNegativeSampler
), defaults to Falseexact (bool, optional) – If False (default) negatives are checked against the corresponding positive sample only, allowing for (rare) collisions. If collisions should be avoided at all costs, use exact = True, but suffer decreased performance. Defaults to False
keep_last (bool, optional) – Retain last model, rather than best (according to stopping criterion value on validation data), defaults to False
distribution (str, optional) – Which distribution to use to sample negatives. Options are [“uniform”, “unigram”]. Uniform distribution will sample all items equally likely. Unigram distribution puts more weight on popular items. Defaults to “uniform”
predict_topK (int, optional) – The topK recommendations to keep per row in the matrix. Use when the user x item output matrix would become too large for RAM. Defaults to None, which results in no filtering.
validation_sample_size (int, optional) – Amount of users that will be sampled to calculate validation loss and stopping criterion value. This reduces computation time during validation, such that training times are strongly reduced. If None, all nonzero users are used. Defaults to None.
Methods
fit
(X, validation_data)Fit the parameters of the model.
Get metadata routing of this object.
get_params
([deep])Get parameters for this estimator.
load
(filename)Load torch model from file.
predict
(X)Predicts scores, given the interactions in X
save
()Save the current model to disk.
set_fit_request
(*[, validation_data])Request metadata passed to the
fit
method.set_params
(**params)Set the parameters of the estimator.
Attributes
Name of the file at which save(self) will write the current best model.
Name of the object.
Name of the object's class.
- property filename
Name of the file at which save(self) will write the current best model.
- fit(X: Union[recpack.matrix.interaction_matrix.InteractionMatrix, scipy.sparse._csr.csr_matrix], validation_data: Tuple[Union[recpack.matrix.interaction_matrix.InteractionMatrix, scipy.sparse._csr.csr_matrix], Union[recpack.matrix.interaction_matrix.InteractionMatrix, scipy.sparse._csr.csr_matrix]]) recpack.algorithms.base.TorchMLAlgorithm
Fit the parameters of the model.
Interaction Matrix X will be used for training, the validation data tuple will be used to compute the evaluate scores.
This function provides the generic framework for training a PyTorch algorithm, such that each child class only needs to implement the
_transform_fit_input()
,_init_model()
,_train_epoch()
and_evaluate()
functions.The function will:
Transform input data to the expected types
Initialize the model using
_init_model()
Iterate for each epoch until max epochs, or when early stopping conditions are met.
Training step using
_train_epoch()
Evaluation step using
_evaluate()
Once the model has been fit, the best model is stored to disk, if specified during init.
- Returns
self, fitted algorithm
- Return type
- get_metadata_routing()
Get metadata routing of this object.
Please check User Guide on how the routing mechanism works.
- Returns
routing – A
MetadataRequest
encapsulating routing information.- Return type
MetadataRequest
- get_params(deep=True)
Get parameters for this estimator.
- Parameters
deep (bool, default=True) – If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.
- Returns
params – Parameter names mapped to their values.
- Return type
dict
- property identifier
Name of the object.
Name is made by combining the class name with the parameters passed at construction time.
Constructed by recreating the initialisation call. Example:
Algorithm(param_1=value)
- load(filename)
Load torch model from file.
- Parameters
filename (str) – File to load the model from
- property name
Name of the object’s class.
- predict(X: Union[recpack.matrix.interaction_matrix.InteractionMatrix, scipy.sparse._csr.csr_matrix]) scipy.sparse._csr.csr_matrix
Predicts scores, given the interactions in X
Recommends items for each nonzero user in the X matrix.
This function is a wrapper around the
_predict()
method, and performs checks on in- and output data to guarantee proper computation.Checks that model is fitted correctly
checks the output using
_check_prediction()
function
- Parameters
X (Matrix) – interactions to predict from.
- Returns
The recommendation scores in a sparse matrix format.
- Return type
csr_matrix
- save()
Save the current model to disk.
filename of the file to save model in is defined by the
filename
property.
- set_fit_request(*, validation_data: Union[bool, None, str] = '$UNCHANGED$') recpack.algorithms.p2v.Prod2Vec
Request metadata passed to the
fit
method.Note that this method is only relevant if
enable_metadata_routing=True
(seesklearn.set_config()
). Please see User Guide on how the routing mechanism works.The options for each parameter are:
True
: metadata is requested, and passed tofit
if provided. The request is ignored if metadata is not provided.False
: metadata is not requested and the meta-estimator will not pass it tofit
.None
: metadata is not requested, and the meta-estimator will raise an error if the user provides it.str
: metadata should be passed to the meta-estimator with this given alias instead of the original name.
The default (
sklearn.utils.metadata_routing.UNCHANGED
) retains the existing request. This allows you to change the request for some parameters and not others.New in version 1.3.
Note
This method is only relevant if this estimator is used as a sub-estimator of a meta-estimator, e.g. used inside a
pipeline.Pipeline
. Otherwise it has no effect.- Parameters
validation_data (str, True, False, or None, default=sklearn.utils.metadata_routing.UNCHANGED) – Metadata routing for
validation_data
parameter infit
.- Returns
self – The updated object.
- Return type
object
- set_params(**params)
Set the parameters of the estimator.
- Parameters
params (dict) – Estimator parameters